What Is Platelet-Rich Plasma?
Platelet-rich plasma therapy (PRP) is used for the treatment of chronic ligament, tendon injuries and chronic degenerative joints. Conditions treated include tennis elbow, knee, shoulder, hip and ankle arthritis, knee ligament tears, partial thickness rotator cuff tears of the shoulder, plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis.
How Does PRP Work?
Platelet structures are fragments of cells that contain proteins necessary to help seal broken blood vessels. In an injury, it is the platelet mixture that responds first to help prevent bleeding. Their purpose is to implement tissue repair and prevent further injury to the body. Because the natural healing factors of platelets restore order within the body, concentrating these healing efforts towards the specific areas of injury by implementing PRP injections boosts the recovery process. With PRP, the concentrated platelets target the injured area of the body to immediately begin the strengthening and healing of the damage sustained.
The Benefits of PRP Therapy
PRP therapy utilizes platelets from the patient’s own blood to rebuild a damaged tendon or cartilage. Platelet-rich plasma therapy is done in an exam room and takes less than an hour. The patient’s blood is drawn and placed in a centrifuge for fifteen minutes to separate out the platelets. The platelet-rich plasma is then injected into the damaged portion of the tendon or cartilage with the guidance of an ultrasound machine.